What Are Roller Skate Wheels Made of?


Written by

Marsh Harrison



Godfrey Rice

what are roller skate wheels made of

Roller skating is a popular recreational activity enjoyed by people of all ages. Whether you are into roller derby, roller hockey, or just gliding down the street, knowing what the wheels are made of is crucial for a smooth and enjoyable experience.

Usually, they are constructed from polyurethane. In this guide, we will delve further into “What are roller skate wheels made of?” to help you select the ideal wheel type.

Types of Roller Skate Wheels Construction

Roller skate wheels are manufactured from various materials, each with unique characteristics that affect the performance of the skates.


1. Polyurethane


Polyurethane (PU) wheels are the most common and versatile type of roller skate wheels. They are highly popular due to their balance of grip, durability, and versatility.

  • Durability: PU wheels are known for their longevity, being able to withstand continuous use on various surfaces without excessive wear and tear.
  • Grip: PU wheels offer excellent grip for better control, especially during turns and maneuvers. This makes them a suitable choice for indoor and outdoor skating.
  • Versatility: PU wheels are versatile and can be used for various roller skating styles, including recreational skating, roller derby, artistic skating, and more. They can perform well on different types of surfaces.

PU wheels come in various hardness levels, measured on the durometer scale. Skaters can refer to a wheel hardness chart and choose the one that best suits their needs and preferences.

Generally, hard roller skate wheels offer increased speed and reduced friction, while soft roller skate wheels provide better grip.

2. Wood


Also known as woodies, wooden wheels have been used historically for roller skates, though less common than other materials. Nowadays, they are often seen as a nostalgic option for certain types of roller skating.

As the name suggests, these wheels are made from wood, with hard maple being one of the most popular due to its durability. With their smooth texture, woodies can glide seamlessly over indoor rinks, providing an almost serene skating experience.

Some skaters also appreciate the ability to customize their wooden quad skating wheels, either by adding their artistic designs or experimenting with different types of wood for various experiences.


1. Nylon


Nylon wheel hubs are made from a synthetic thermoplastic material known for its lightweight and flexible properties. Here are the two key features of these hubs:

  • Lightweight: Nylon hubs are incredibly light, which contributes to the overall reduced weight, better agility, and minimal resistance.
  • Affordability: Nylon hubs are more cost-effective and commonly used in entry-level and recreational roller skates.

2. Aluminum Wheels


Made from solid aluminum, here are the two key features of aluminum wheel hubs:

  • Durability: Aluminum hubs are highly durable and resistant to wear and damage, making them ideal for high-performance roller skates, particularly in speed skating and roller derby.
  • Stability: These hubs provide excellent stability and control, which is crucial for maintaining balance at high speeds and during aggressive maneuvers.

Wheel Material: Does It Matter?


Absolutely! The choice of wheel material is crucial for roller skaters as it significantly impacts their overall skating experience.

Different wheel materials offer unique characteristics like grip, durability, and suitability for specific terrains and styles.

PU wheels, for instance, provide versatility and durability, making them suitable for various terrains and skating styles. In contrast, wooden wheels are chosen for their classic aesthetics and smooth performance.


  • Different skating styles may require specific wheel properties. For instance, if you are a recreational skater, versatile polyurethane (PU) wheels are a good choice.
  • When skating on rough pavements, pick soft PU wheels, whereas hard ones would be a better choice for smooth indoor surfaces.
  • Heavier skaters benefit from harder wheels to prevent excessive wear, while beginners prefer softer wheels for better control and stability.
  • Consider the customization options available for the chosen wheel material. For instance, PU comes in different hardness levels, allowing you to fine-tune your skating experience.


What are roller skate wheels made of? In the past, it was wood. Now, it is usually polyurethane. Choosing roller skate wheel materials is a critical decision that profoundly impacts your roller skating experience.

Whether you opt for PU wheels or wooden ones, your choice should align with your skating style, the type of terrain you will be conquering, your weight, and your skill level.

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